The development of the green economy is a major challenge for the European social dialogue considering the role and future evolution of the relationships between trade unions, employers’ organizations, institutions and civil society. The strengthen of the social dialogue is basic for the
reorganization of the production and to manage the impacts of the transition to a sustainable economy on the labour market as well as on the working and living conditions.
The construction industry is one of the key sectors of the green economy. The European Commission identified the building sector as an area where significant improvements in energy efficiency can be realised. According to the Green Paper on Energy Efficiency, the building sector accounts for more
than 40% of the final energy demand in Europe. At the same time, improved heating and cooling of buildings constitutes one of the largest potentials for energy savings.
In line with the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy, orientation towards green building helps to promote growth which is: a) sustainable, involving the efficient use of natural resources in an economy with low CO2 emissions; b) intelligent, based on research and innovation in the field of new
materials, construction techniques and building design; c) fair, helping to create new jobs and encouraging the re-skilling and retraining of professionals in the new green building production cycle (in particular as regards the over 50s, women, youth), thus counteracting the phenomena of poverty
and social exclusion produced by the economic crisis.
The development of green building can help not only to reduce consumption but also to create new job opportunities and the demand for innovation and new professional skills. Eco-industries offer great opportunities for young people and EU governments are being encouraged to exploit this potential by
re-focusing their training efforts and including green employment as a key target of their National Job Plans (European commission, 2005; 2014).
It is estimated, in many studies, that the construction sector can create the greatest numbers of green economy jobs and produce a major transformation in professions and work organizations. Moreover the development of green building has a positive impact on the development of the whole economic
system, considering the inter-sectoral effects in terms of raw materials, components, tools and machinery, and also considering the transport, commercial and financial services as well as the impact on research and innovation (Enea, Ires, 2011; Center for American Progress and Political Economy
Research Study, 2008).
The green building economy requires an ever-increasing knowledge. The design phase is more important than in the traditional construction phase, affecting the professions involved in the production cycle, which will require the participation of a greater number of high-skilled workers in
the research and management and executive phases.
Sustainable construction and renovation requires new materials, components and systems, producing deep effects on: a) the quality of products and processes; b) the rationalization of production; c) the production chain; d) the transformation of work (in terms of impact on employment, creation of new
professions, changes in the organization of work). Nevertheless, the challenge of combining the green Detailed work programme Project B.R.O.A.D. Application ref. VP/2015/001/0162.